Since long ago that one of my research objectives is “How should we teach in the school of the future”.
I started to question myself about:
To be a teacher in the XX century was it the same as to be a teacher in the XXI century?
In the digital age, it is a challenge that requires mastery of a set of new technological and methodological skills that emerge from the huge technological and methodological developments. Today all contents are available in text or video format, but most of the learners do not know how to learn. It is necessary to teach our students how to learn.  Obviously, without losing sight of the importance of combining with the scientific area in which each one should be specialized.
The question is: Are you prepared to teach in the XXI century?


In this blog I´m summarizing the most relevant aspects of my research on teaching and learning, with a focus on “Learn how to learn”




1. A short introduction to the Learning how to learn.


Opening Keynote - How should we teach in digital age
At 220 years of commemoration of Herzen - State Pedagogical University of Russia (6m)



2. About the evolution 
Part I   The evolution of methods and techniques for the school of the future


 Now we are in apposition to have an overview of what should be a teacher for the XXI century.
With subtitles in Russian language

Part II - The school of today






Part III - About the school of the future 





How to teach up till 100 years from now
Education conference in Lusiada University Febr 2016


https://youtu.be/xmB9w5VrzyY



2. It is impossible to know what to do without getting the opinion of our clientes/ the students.
That is way we have made an interview to a student of the future.

Students´ opinion about the school of the future.   
Video 3m43



Multimedia a methodology of presentation
From multimodal learning to multimedia teaching



https://youtu.be/HVo5DfzZfBI

3. How do we learn?

And how to learn how to learn. Follow a basic road map and rules to be a good learner and a good student.
Learn how to learn – introduction
About our students in the learning process (2m22)



Learn how to learn – Part I – How does our brain learns
From working memory (short term memory) to long term memory (3m24)

https://youtu.be/EhYI4E3k_Ro

Learn How to learn  - Part II - The learning Styles
The importance of learning styles in the learning process (10m45)

https://youtu.be/JFVtuVYlh5c



4. Now we are in apposition to have an overview of what should be a teacher for the XXI century / digital age.

Teachers skill´s and rules to teach in digital age (4m17)

How our brain changes during the learning process

https://youtu.be/0HyraJGRodY

Learn How to learn
Student´s rules
The learning process is divided in 3 stages:
a)      Receiving information
b)      Reflecting about received information and recording in long term memory
c)       Reorganizing, integrating and structuring information with other before recorded information.

Rules to be a good learner
8 rules to be a good learner when receiving information
  1. Stop thinking about other things while you are in class - relax
  2. Focus on the presenter, slides, and materials
  3. Pay attention to any non-verbal communication
  4. Ignore other students, mobile phones and all other distraction factors
  5. Take your notes
  6. Write what you did not understand
  7. Be mindful of selective attention
  8. Think of and write 3 questions about each item

8 rules to be a good learner when reflecting about received information
  1. Be concentrated on the topic that you will study and ignore everything around you
  2. Organize the contents by topics
  3. Make a table of contents
  4. Make a mental analysis recalling and describing the contents received
  5. Do not underline topics underlined before, focus on other contents
  6. Write a summary on each topic
  7. Take notes about your doubts and clarify it with your teachers and colleagues
  8. Try to understand a content in detail before doing exercises or going into debates

8 rules to be a good learner when reorganizing, integrating and structuring information with other before recorded information.
  1.        Write questions on each topic and discuss with your study group
2.       Avoid transforming study group session into a live meeting
3.       Present the contents to your mates or to yourself loudly (simulate being a teacher)
4.       Avoid the big study marathons – start studying long before each exam
5.       Do not believe you know everything only by knowing high-level concepts
6.       Assess yourself and let yourself be assessed - formative assessment
7.       Take 10 minutes brake for every 1h30 studying
8.       Sleep well and let your brain recover



Sleap to remember


https://youtu.be/gedoSfZvBgE


5. How Illusions can induce you into errors

Selective attention test










6. Other Illusion (atention teste)









7. What should be teacher´s and institutions profile in the school of the future?

Question by Ylia Babushidna at Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg  Conference, November 2014

Video 2m37




8 rules to be a good student in the behaviorist moment – Receiving information in short term memory and memorizing
By António dos Reis
  1. Stop thinking about other things while you are in class - relax
  2. Focus on the presenter, slides, and materials
  3. Pay attention to any non-verbal communication
  4. Ignore other students, mobile phones and all other distraction factors
  5. Take your notes
  6. Write what you did not understand
  7. Be mindful of selective attention
  8. Think of and write 3 questions about each item


16 Rules to be a good student in the constructivist moment – Memorise and understand in the long term memory
By António dos Reis
  1. Be concentrated on the topic that you will study and ignore everything around you
  2. Organize the contents by topics
  3. Make a table of contents
  4. Make a mental analysis recalling and describing the contents received
  5. Do not underline topics underlined before, focus on other contents
  6. Write a summary on each topic
  7. Take notes about your doubts and clarify it with your teachers and colleagues
  8. Try to understand a content in detail before doing exercises

  1. Write questions on each topic and discuss with your study group
  2. Avoid transforming study group session into a live meeting
  3. Present the contents to your mates or to yourself loudly (simulate being a teacher)
  4. Avoid the big study marathons – start studying long before each exam
  5. Do not believe you know everything only by knowing high-level concepts
  6. Assess yourself and let yourself be assessed - formative assessment
  7. Take 10 minutes brake for every 1h30 studying
  8. Sleep well and let your brain recover
  
You can follow as well the 10 rules to be a successful  student and the 10 commands that you should not do to be a bed student by  Prof. Barbara Oakleyand.





10 Rules of Good and Bad Studying


Excerpted from A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel in Math and Science (Even if You Flunked Algebra), by Barbara Oakley, Penguin, July, 2014


10 Rules of Good Studying


Excerpted from A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel in Math and Science (Even if You Flunked Algebra), by Barbara Oakley, Penguin, July, 2014


1.       Use recall. After you read a page, look away and recall the main ideas. Highlight very little, and never highlight anything you haven’t put in your mind first by recalling. Try recalling main ideas when you are walking to class or in a different room from where you originally learned it. An ability to recall—to generate the ideas from inside yourself—is one of the key indicators of good learning.


2.       Test yourself. On everything. All the time. Flash cards are your friend.


3.       Chunk your problems. Chunking is understanding and practicing with a problem solution so that it can all come to mind in a flash. After you solve a problem, rehearse it. Make sure you can solve it cold—every step. Pretend it’s a song and learn to play it over and over again in your mind, so the information combines into one smooth chunk you can pull up whenever you want.


4.       Space your repetition. Spread out your learning in any subject a little every day, just like an athlete. Your brain is like a muscle—it can handle only a limited amount of exercise on one subject at a time.


5.       Alternate different problem-solving techniques during your practice. Never practice too long at any one session using only one problem-solving technique—after a while, you are just mimicking what you did on the previous problem. Mix it up and work on different types of problems. This teaches you both how and when to use a technique. (Books generally are not set up this way, so you’ll need to do this on your own.) After every assignment and test, go over your errors, make sure you understand why you made them, and then rework your solutions. To study most effectively, handwrite (don’t type) a problem on one side of a flash card and the solution on the other. (Handwriting builds stronger neural structures in memory than typing.) You might also photograph the card if you want to load it into a study app on your smartphone. Quiz yourself randomly on different types of problems. Another way to do this is to randomly flip through your book, pick out a problem, and see whether you can solve it cold.


6.       Take breaks. It is common to be unable to solve problems or figure out concepts in math or science the first time you encounter them. This is why a little study every day is much better than a lot of studying all at once. When you get frustrated with a math or science problem, take a break so that another part of your mind can take over and work in the background.


7.       Use explanatory questioning and simple analogies. Whenever you are struggling with a concept, think to yourself, How can I explain this so that a ten-year-old could understand it? Using an analogy really helps, like saying that the flow of electricity is like the flow of water. Don’t just think your explanation—say it out loud or put it in writing. The additional effort of speaking and writing allows you to more deeply encode (that is, convert into neural memory structures) what you are learning.


8.       Focus. Turn off all interrupting beeps and alarms on your phone and computer, and then turn on a timer for twenty-five minutes. Focus intently for those twenty-five minutes and try to work as diligently as you can. After the timer goes off, give yourself a small, fun reward. A few of these sessions in a day can really move your studies forward. Try to set up times and places where studying—not glancing at your computer or phone—is just something you naturally do.


9.       Eat your frogs first. Do the hardest thing earliest in the day, when you are fresh.


10.   Make a mental contrast. Imagine where you’ve come from and contrast that with the dream of where your studies will take you. Post a picture or words in your workspace to remind you of your dream. Look at that when you find your motivation lagging. This work will pay off both for you and those you love!


10 Rules of Bad Studying


Excerpted from A Mind for Numbers: How to Excel in Math and Science (Even if You Flunked Algebra), by Barbara Oakley, Penguin, July, 2014


Avoid these techniques—they can waste your time even while they fool you into thinking you’re learning!


1.       Passive rereading—sitting passively and running your eyes back over a page. Unless you can prove that the material is moving into your brain by recalling the main ideas without looking at the page, rereading is a waste of time.


2.       Letting highlights overwhelm you. Highlighting your text can fool your mind into thinking you are putting something in your brain, when all you’re really doing is moving your hand. A little highlighting here and there is okay—sometimes it can be helpful in flagging important points. But if you are using highlighting as a memory tool, make sure that what you mark is also going into your brain.


3.       Merely glancing at a problem’s solution and thinking you know how to do it. This is one of the worst errors students make while studying. You need to be able to solve a problem step-by-step, without looking at the solution.


4.       Waiting until the last minute to study. Would you cram at the last minute if you were practicing for a track meet? Your brain is like a muscle—it can handle only a limited amount of exercise on one subject at a time.


5.       Repeatedly solving problems of the same type that you already know how to solve. If you just sit around solving similar problems during your practice, you’re not actually preparing for a test—it’s like preparing for a big basketball game by just practicing your dribbling.


6.       Letting study sessions with friends turn into chat sessions. Checking your problem solving with friends, and quizzing one another on what you know, can make learning more enjoyable, expose flaws in your thinking, and deepen your learning. But if your joint study sessions turn to fun before the work is done, you’re wasting your time and should find another study group.


7.       Neglecting to read the textbook before you start working problems. Would you dive into a pool before you knew how to swim? The textbook is your swimming instructor—it guides you toward the answers. You will flounder and waste your time if you don’t bother to read it. Before you begin to read, however, take a quick glance over the chapter or section to get a sense of what it’s about.


8.       Not checking with your instructors or classmates to clear up points of confusion. Professors are used to lost students coming in for guidance—it’s our job to help you. The students we worry about are the ones who don’t come in. Don’t be one of those students.


9.       Thinking you can learn deeply when you are being constantly distracted. Every tiny pull toward an instant message or conversation means you have less brain power to devote to learning. Every tug of interrupted attention pulls out tiny neural roots before they can grow.


10.   Not getting enough sleep. Your brain pieces together problem-solving techniques when you sleep, and it also practices and repeats whatever you put in mind before you go to sleep. Prolonged fatigue allows toxins to build up in the brain that disrupt the neural connections you need to think quickly and well. If you don’t get a good sleep before a test, NOTHING ELSE YOU HAVE DONE WILL MATTER.


No comments:

Post a Comment